With more than 1000 years of civilization, from the Thang Long capital to the present, Hanoi has always been the largest cultural center of the country with the relics of material and non-material. The land which has produced folk culture with many legends, folk songs, proverbs, heroes, folk celebrities and folk festivals of historical color, profound impact on the morale of the people.
According to the figure between 2008, the whole city has 17 theaters, of which 12 theaters in the two districts of Hoan Kiem and Hai Ba Trung. City's Opera House, located at 1 Trang Tien Street, Hoan Kiem District, was built by the French in 1911. Today, it is a place of classical art such as opera, chamber music. , drama, is also the center of the conference, meet. Located at 91 Tran Hung Dao Street, Hanoi Friendship Cultural Palace is also an important venue for performances, cultural activities, arts, fashion, beauty contests ... scientific activities, seminars, conferences, exhibitions.
For theater, the city has Youth Theater at No. 11 Ngo Thi Nham Street, Hai Ba Trung District with 650 seats, the Golden Bell Theater at 72 Hang Bac in Hoan Kiem district with 250 seats, Vietnam National Opera House located on the small street behind the Opera House with 170 seats. Vietnamese traditional arts also have their own stage. Hong Ha Theater at 51 Duong Road for the stage. Cai Luong Theater is located at 164 Hong Mai, Hai Ba Trung district. Cheo art also owns the Vietnam Cheo Theater at the Mai Dien Archaeological Site, Tu Liem District, and since 2007 has a performance at Kim Ma, Giang Van Minh. Thang Long Water Puppet Theater on Dinh Tien Hoang street, Hoan Kiem lake, is often visited by many tourists.
Hanoi is the city with the most diverse museum system in Vietnam. Most of these are historical museums, such as the Military History Museum, the Vietnam History Museum, the B52 Victory Museum, the Revolution Museum ... Other areas include Bao Vietnam Museum of Ethnology, Vietnam Women Museum. In total, Hanoi has more than 10 museums, compared with nearly 120 museums in Vietnam. In 2009, there were 32 local libraries in Hanoi with 565,000 copies. Thus, the number of local libraries in Hanoi is now greater than Ho Chi Minh City - 26 libraries with 2,420,000 books - but only about a quarter of books. In addition to the local library system, there are libraries in the university. The National Library is located at 31 Trang Thi street, with 800,752 books, 8,667 newspapers and magazines, which can be considered as the most important library in Vietnam.
Located in Tay Ho District, the West Lake Water Park is an attractive entertainment destination of Hanoi. The park has an area of 35,560m², divided into 5 modernly equipped amusement parks with high speed skating rinks, whirlpools, massage parlors ... In the inner city there are also several large parks such as the Park Thong Nhat Park, Thu Le Park, Tuoi Tre Park. Hanoi is also a city with many famous traditional villages. Bat Trang pottery village, Van Phuc silk village, bronze casting Ngu Xa ... not only play an economic role but also cultural and tourist places. In more than 10 cinemas of Hanoi, only a few. Theaters are well-equipped with modern and popular audiences, such as CGV Cinema, Lotte Cinema, Platinum Cineplex, Galaxy, BHD or National Cinema Center. Other theaters such as Dang Dung, August is absent. Fansland, a cinema of the time with classic cinematic works, was closed in mid-2008 with no audience. The bars, discos are also the destination of a section of Hanoi youth. Many dance halls have been famous but only exist for some time and then closed for various reasons. The New Century New Year's Eve ritual on Trang Street opened in 1999, was Hanoi's premier entertainment venue, closed in 2007 due to prostitution and drug addiction. Hong at 78 Hang Chieu also ended up in a major fire in 1999.
The large commercial centers are built such as Vinhomes Royal City, Time City, AEON Mall, Long Bien, Big C Thang Long, Metro Hoang Mai, Metro Tu Liem and Melinh Plaza. of the crowded population.
Previously, Ha Noi had a rich trade village, which was reflected in the familiar phrase "Hanoi 36 Streets". Over time, the urban face of the Old Quarter has changed a lot, but the streets here still retain the old names and many of which are still the place to trade and trade items. the old system. After Ha Tay was incorporated into Hanoi, Hanoi also has many other famous villages. By the end of 2008, the whole of Hanoi has 1,264 trade villages, which are the center of the most crowded trade villages in Vietnam.
Located in the heart of the Old Quarter, Hang Bac previously housed the people who lived by the silver casting, jewelry and money exchange. Gold-plated jewelers are technically sophisticated, coming from three handicraft villages of northern Vietnam: Chau Khe village in Hai Duong province, Dinh Cong village in Hoang Mai district and Dong Sam village. Peaceful. In the 15th century, Luu Xuan Tin, the chief minister of Chau Khe village, was assigned by the Le dynasty to establish a silver casting workshop in the capital city of Tha Long. As a result, the Chau Khe workers came to Hanoi and not only made silver, they also made silver and gold. When the Nguyen Dynasty took Hue as the capital, the silver casting factory also moved to new cities, but the workmen of Chau Khe remained in Thang Long and established the street today. In the colonial era, Hang Bac Street was also known as Rue changeurs, meaning Do Bo Bac. The inhabitants here are not only producing jewelery but also trading, exchanging silver and rubbing for silver. Today, the silver and gold trade appears in many other streets, but Hang Bac remains the most crowded.
Bat Trang village is located in Gia Lam district, south of the city has long been the ceramic products named after this village. The village appeared in the 14th century when pottery people from Bo Bat village, Ninh Binh village and Ninh Trang village, Thanh Hoa gathered here to set up a new village called Bat Trang. The former Bat Trang villagers lived less with pottery and agriculture, mainly selling dried kohlrabi, fish sauce. The pottery here only really developed after 1954, when North Vietnam entered the period of peace. Many models, types of centralized system was restored by artists of the village, Bat Trang pottery quickly gained the reputation. Bat Trang is not just a pure production village. With many creations, culture and pottery, the village becomes a tourist attraction of Hanoi.
Another trade village of Hanoi today is Van Chuu village, which was formerly Ha Dong city, Ha Dong province. The silk product of the village has long been known as Ha Dong silk, which was praised in music, poetry and cinema. Legend has it, Van Phuc silk village proletarian who is from Hangzhou, China, followed by husband and then stay and transfer the textile to the village. According to another legend, more than 1200 years ago, a girl from Cao Bang named A La Thi Nuong came to work as a bride and brought silk weaving to the village. Over time, the silk profession became the traditional profession of Van Phuc. Today, most of the families here still live on weaving. In addition to the ancient looms, many families use modern mechanical looms. The streets of Hang Gai, Hang Dao in Hanoi are places where many shops sell Van Phuc silk.
Source: Tong Hop